Footprints and worldly differences
Footprint has many definitions; however an ecological footprint is the measure of land and water that a population needs in order to produce the resources and to absorb its waste with existing technology.
Poorer countries especially those of the Southern hemisphere consume less, it is estimated that if everybody consumed as much as the united Kingdome we would need 3.1 times the ratio of resources on earth.
In 1996, most African countries had between 1.0-1.9 and 2.0-3.9 ecological footprints. Whilst the global average is far above 2.85. At the exception of South Africa which had 6.0+ footprint per annum.
Growing food in poorer countries consumes less energy than agriculture in first world countries.
Another reason as to why richer countries have a bigger footprint is because most had an Industrial boom during 1890’s to the 1970’s where coal and fuel was burnt heavily. Whilst poorer countries are trying to develop now.
Waste is also a type of ecological footprint. Because poorer countries consume less, they therefor have less waste. It is estimated that Londoners produce 3.4 million tonnes of rubbish every year. Most of which are stored in landfills or incinerated. This increases the greenhouse emissions, thus increasing the footprint.