Here is an exam question I answered:
Coastal management strategies vary from place to place because they are dependent on cost benefit analysis of local councils. This means local councils look at how important and valuable a given land is. As well as what kind of interest does it hold to the local residents.
The S.M.P. (shoreline management plan) has four strategies:
1) Holding the line approach. Meaning placing coastal defences of both hard and soft engineering. A holding the line approach is used at gas terminals (Hornsea), settlements and places of economic importance.
2) Retreating the line: the idea of retreating the line is setting a red zone farther inland and allowing the sea to do its job, thus creating marshland and mudflats.
3) Advancing the line. Meaning building defences into the sea. These usually cost a lot and are used for places of immense importance. (Thames flood gates in London).
4) The do nothing approach; this usually causes conflicts between councils and local land owners. It is the concept of letting the sea erode away the land.
This is an essay I wrote on how to carry fieldwork and research ;3
To investigate effectiveness of coastal management schemes in Holderness I first searched for data and information from secondary sources such as:
-and forums on coastal issues.
– As well as images to have an idea about how the coastal defences look.
These secondary researches informed me about the kind of coastal defences which were present. Online research allowed me to carry a cost benefit analysis to assess how effective the defences are.
On the field trip I carried out all my primary research. This included taking a walk along Holderness’s coast from which I spotted 4 types of management strategies. Those being: do nothing approach, ripraps, groynes and sea walls.
I then proceeded to make a sketch of the location before high tide. Later I asked residents (mostly elderlies) of how useful they found the defences. Results varied a lot from person to person. Which I later represented in a table.
Finally I took pictures of the coastal landscape to compare with online pictures and decide if management strategies were effective or otherwise.
Following this I used a systematic sampling method to record the amount of sediments trapped within the groynes.